Bunion Pain Treatment
Bunions normally present as bumps or a swelling on the side or top of the big toe joint and people of all ages can develop them.
The technical name for a bunion is “Hallux Abduct valgus” or referred to as “Hallux Valgus”. Bunions form when the big toe angles towards the 2nd toe and this subsequently causes the bump or deformity that forms on the side of the big toe’s joint. This “bump” is commonly made up of bone and develops due to the increased pressure on footwear. The bump may also be due to a bursa (fluid filled sac) that forms across the joint in response to the pressure and friction. A bunion can progressively get worse without treatment.
Bunions can be painless and a multitude of patients seek medical intervention for cosmetic reasons or due to difficulty finding footwear but they can also be a cause of discomfort and can also become quite painful. This can be due to hard skin that builds up due to altered joint mechanics, poor joint alignment and spasming of muscles in the area. High heels, ill-fitting or tight footwear, biomechanical problems, including flat feet or low arches, and familial factors are thought to be related to the cause of bunions.
Treatment can prevent or slow the progression of a bunion and can relieve symptoms. Bunions can be diagnosed by Podiatrists and they can assist you with advice on footwear, improve foot function with Barefoot rehabilitation training, correction of biomechanical problems with orthotic devices, joint mobilisation to relieve pain and improve movement, shaving the calluses that often build up around a bunion and education on footwear to help reduce foot pain in the joint as well as getting the correct fit. Existing deformity can only be corrected by surgery, which we try to avoid unless it is interfering with daily function or some people choose to have surgery for cosmetic reasons. There are 2 options for surgery and your podiatrist can go through them with you. One is with an orthopaedic surgeon and the other is with a podiatric surgeon.
Book in now with one of our highly skilled podiatrists at Carousel Podiatry!